MPEP Q & A 175: Concepts Related to Tracking or Organizing Information

 Concepts Related to Tracking or Organizing Information


List a concept related to tracking or organizing information.


Examples of concepts related to tracking or organizing information include;

  • i. classifying and storing digital images in an organized manner
  • ii. collecting information, analyzing it, and displaying certain results of the collection and analysis
  • iii. encoding and decoding image data – RecogniCorp, LLC v. Nintendo Co;
  • iv. organizing information through mathematical correlations
  • v. receiving, screening, and distributing email

Chapter Details:

The answer to this question can be found in chapter 2100 of the MPEP. This chapter covers patentability.

The answer is from the 9th Edition, Revision 08.2017. Depending on future changes to the MPEP, the question and answer may or may not be applicable in later Editions or revisions.

Section Summary:

This question and answer comes from section 2106.04(a)(2) of the MPEP.  The following is a brief summary of section 2106.04(a)(2).

2106.04(a)(2) Examples of Concepts The Courts Have Identified As Abstract Ideas 

This section covers examples of concepts the courts have identified as abstract ideas. This includes fundamental economic practices which describe concepts relating to the economy and commerce, such as agreements between people in the form of contracts, legal obligations, and business relations. In addition, this section also covers certain methods of organizing human activity which describes concepts relating to interpersonal and intrapersonal activities and an idea of itself which describes an idea standing alone such as an uninstantiated concept, plan or scheme, as well as a mental process (thinking) that “can be performed in the human mind, or by a human using a pen and paper.” Lastly, this section also covers mathematical relationship formulas.