Cool Invention: 3D Printer Patents

As 3D printing gains popularity, a debate rages about whether patent protection is beneficial for the technology. This fact matters for the industry because several patents are expiring, and companies are filing for new ones at a rapid pace.

3D Patents Are in Their Fourth Decade

3D printing technology and patents are not new. The history of the industry traces back to 1984 when Charles W. Hull first put in a patent application for stereolithography. Later that same decade, things advanced even further when S. Scott Crump, who was working for Stratasys at the time, invented fused deposition modeling. That’s the process by which material fuses continuously by later until a 3D object emerges.

Testing the Patent Debate

Whether patents encourage or discourage innovation has long been a central debate. Some argue that the license makes other companies, who which to compete in the same space, innovate to find a different way of doing the same thing.

One thing seems inevitable; patents for 3D printing continue to rise. With thousands of patents issued yearly on this technology alone, the industry is definitely increasing, and innovation continues to grow in tandem.

That’s not the only noticeable trend. 3D printing patents are also transferring from one company to another rapidly. Further, more patents are undergoing litigation.

That means that the 3D printing business is maturing, which will propel a few other trends in the coming years.

  • Most future tech in the space will rely on technology that is already patented.
    The costs associated with 3D patents will continue to rise, and royalty costs will move upward as well.
  • Patent directors at companies will need to monitor patent litigation and transfers to remain competitive.
  • Senior-most patent managers are responsible for monitoring the patent market for 3D printing patents. The reason is that it’s becoming increasingly likely that patent-assertion entities will buy up current portfolios to charge royalty payments on a broad range of innovations.

IP Law Is Not Keeping up With the Changes

The 3D printing industry is exploding, but the IP laws are moving at a slower pace. That means that the industry could face potential problems due to outdated laws. For example, it’s not entirely evident what happens when someone uses a 3D printer to print a copyrighted item.

Even more impressive, consumers at some point will be able to 3D print replacement parts for many protected designs and products. The law code will need to update to handle a wide variety of legal issues

What Does It All Mean?

For the consumer, all of this activity will result in excellent news in the form of lower prices and better technology. That follows the trend for most technical innovations. As the interest grows in offering commercial products, the patents rise as well. That leads to much in-fighting and litigation until clear winners emerge.

Nothing will slow down the industry, and ultimately, every other possible sector may feel the effects. That’s where things promise to get interesting. The 3D industry has come a long way since Charles W. Hull’s initial patent. The way forward will likely see more innovations as engineers and investors take on obstacles directly.

The biggest challenge will likely be how 3D printing impacts other product categories. There are already many examples of this disruptive tech forcing many changes in the worldwide industry. That’s unlikely to change, and patents will rise during the process. The patent assertion entities will likely be the most significant threat to innovation, so new companies in the space will need solid legal grounding.

Selling Yourself During A Job Interview

Going in for a job interview is always nerve-racking. While preparing and considering all the details, it can be easy to lose sight of what a job interview is: a conversation with a potential employer where you must sell yourself as the right candidate for the job. The following tips are all good advice for accomplishing this.

Be Authentic

It can be challenging to be especially authentic during a job interview because you want to impress the employer and get the job. You may, therefore, be tempted to present yourself as someone you think they are looking for, even when you’re not. This strategy is unlikely to result in long-term success, though. Even if you get the job, your team members, the company culture, and the job itself may not be a good fit for you.

It is best, to be honest from the beginning and realize that a job interview is really about both parties evaluating whether this will be a good match. While you should be entirely professional, you also need to let your personality shine through so employers can determine if you are genuinely a good fit for the role.

Focus On How You Can Benefit Or Improve The Company

The interviewer has one goal: determine what you can do for them. Your task is to rise up and effectively answer this question. Instead of focusing on what you want and what you have done, you should instead frame the interview around what you can do for the company. Ideally, you will have done your research and found some information about the company and the position. You can also ask questions during the interview to get more information as to the nature of what the company needs from this position. The focus on what they need is one of the most effective ways to sell yourself during a job interview.

Admit Your Faults

If you only discuss the best aspects of yourself, an interviewer will sense you are not particularly authentic. A typical interview question is to ask about your greatest weakness because employers want to see how you will answer it. When addressing your failures, you should explain how they have helped you grow as a person and become a more skilled professional. Mentioning skills that you have improved or are working on improving demonstrates your commitment to self-improvement. Be sure to be specific and relate an accomplishment or anecdote that proves you have indeed improved.

Ask Questions

A final way you can impress during the job interview is by asking questions. This is generally expected, but asking questions throughout and at the end of the meeting shows the interviewer that you are engaged and interested in the job. These questions are your opportunity to make a final impression, clear up any confusion you still may have about any aspect of the job, make your last case of why they should hire you, and more. Come prepared to the interview with questions but also come up with more throughout the duration. Asking three to five questions is generally considered acceptable. Good questions to ask include:

  • What would you expect success to look like in this position?
  • Is there anything else that is important for me to know about the role?
  • Do you have any further questions about my background or abilities?
  • Do you have any hesitations about my qualifications?
  • What is your timeline for making a decision?

Selling yourself as an ideal employee for an open position is the entire point of an interview. Go into each one with that goal in mind. By using the right techniques and going in with the right mindset, you can successfully convince an employer that you are the right person for the job.


6 Ways to Keep From Coming Across as Arrogant During a Job Interview

According to the Oxford dictionary, one definition of confidence is “a feeling of self-assurance arising from an appreciation of one’s abilities or qualities.” Confidence is one of the most essential qualities to have and show during a job interview.

However, there is a fine line between confidence and arrogance. Arrogance is defined as “having or revealing an exaggerated sense of one’s importance or abilities.” Too often, job seekers show more arrogance than confidence, which causes them to fail at a job interview. Here are six ways to keep from coming across as arrogant during a job interview so you can land your dream job.

Show Don’t Tell

Show don’t tell is a common phrase used by instructors to teach fiction writing. It refers to showing action or an event rather than merely telling a story about it. During the interview process, it can become easy to boast about your past achievements and accomplishments, and it’s okay to do so within reason. Still, it’s better to show your results through letters, awards, and by using the STAR method whenever possible.

The STAR Method:

  • Situation – Set the scene
  • Task – Describe the job at hand
  • Action – What you did
  • Result – The outcome

By using this method to describe and demonstrate your previous accomplishments, you can display your talents and skills to potential employers and back up your achievements with hard evidence.

Ask a lot of Questions

One reason why many people fail at a job interview is that they don’t ask questions. By not asking questions, you can come across arrogant or as if you already know it all. Asking questions also demonstrates an interest in the job and the company you’re applying for. Ask questions about other employees and their contributions and show real interest in becoming part of the team.

Exhibit Enthusiasm and Excitement

Failing to show enthusiasm or excitement is one reason why many people don’t get hired. Not showing excitement can also come across as arrogant because it may give the impression that you feel the job is beneath you, and you’re not very interested.

Do Your Homework

A few hours of research into the company you’re applying to work for can go a long way toward landing you the job. When you show potential employers that you know something about the company, you show them that you’re willing to invest yourself and your time into learning about the company, its history, and its employees.

Explain Why You Would be an Asset

During a job interview, you want to make it known how and why you would be an asset to the company. One sure-fire way to come across as arrogant is to make it seem as if you’re doing the company a favor by them hiring you. You want to be an asset to your employer. Don’t make it appear as if the company cannot survive without you, but make it clear that you have something valuable to contribute

Don’t Bring Big Ideas to the Interview

A significant mistake job seekers make during an interview is that they bring solid plans and ideas to make the company better or more successful. It’s one thing to make suggestions when asked, but it’s very arrogant to make suggestions or comments during an interview about what a company or business is doing wrong.

Those are just a few tips to help you keep from coming across as arrogant during a job interview. No one wants to hire an arrogant individual as their next employee so make sure to take these tips to heart.

10 Things You May Not Have Realized were Invented Between 2015 – 2020

The last half-decade has been a remarkable time for innovation and inventions. Consider the following breakthroughs that hit the scene from 2015 to 2020. These notable inventions are helping people improve their lives.

The Levitating Lightbulb

If you want a lightbulb that levitates, you can now get one thanks to Gleagle. The company has released an extensive range of levitating light products. When the power goes off, the lightbulb snaps back into place. For people who want a tech device that will impress friends, this one is it.

PlayStation VR

People who desire to immerse themselves in the world of Virtual Reality can now do so easily with the PlayStation VR. The new version of the PlayStation ships with all the accessories needed to enjoy VR games. PS VR is a simple, turnkey way to get access to the best experiences and games using a familiar gaming console.

Gravity Blankets

Gravity blankets are weighted blankets that provide customers with specific health benefits. The additional weight helps alleviate stress and assists people with restless leg syndrome. Gravity blankets come in an assortment of sizes and colors, so finding one is straightforward. For people who wish to combat stress, these blankets are an accessible option.

The StreetSaw Hoverboard

StreetSaw introduced several hoverboards in 2017 to address the chronic issues most fans of the devices deal with regularly. One of the biggest issues is the battery power. StreetSaw uses Samsung batteries, which provide up to six hours of usage.

Jibo The Robot

Jibo is the first wide-release relatable robot. Unlike other robotic assistants, Jibo has a more humanized look and feel. Jibo does all the things you expect a friendly robot to do with a pleasant demeanor. The project for Jibo was crowd-funded on Indiegogo. It is the first social robot of its kind.

The Carry-on Closet

For travelers, efficiency is a vital quality. The Carry-on Closet is a recent innovation that helps them achieve optimal packing for trips. The unit is a carry-on bag that has integrated shelving.

This keeps the clothes organized while eliminating the need to unpack. When you hang it in any closet, it will expand automatically. When that happens, the traveler gains access to three built-in shelves and other features.

The Folding Bike Helmet

Bikers have long struggled with the issue of what to do with their helmet when they’re not riding. That’s no longer a problem due to the Folding Bike Helmet. Now, it’s easier than ever to fold and unfold the helmet, so it’s available when needed.

Xbox Adaptive Controller

The Xbox Adaptive Controller is a unified hub that empowers gamers (especially ones with limited mobility) to create their perfect environment. With the device, anyone can connect mounts, buttons, switches, and joysticks in any manner they desire.

Solar Powered Jacket

The Solar Powered Jacket solves several problems for people attending outdoor events. The jacket uses the sun’s power to heat itself and also light up the coat. The extra warmth helps you stay healthy while the lights protect you by keeping you visible.

Roomba Self-Emptying Vacuum

The iRobot Roomba i7+ is the world’s first vacuum that can empty itself. For people who prefer as much automation as possible when cleaning, this is a significant breakthrough. iRobot continues to pioneer the world of robotic vacuuming, and the i7+ represents a further step forward in the war on dirty floors.


Innovations and inventions are coming faster than ever, and the market is very accepting of them. People continue to want to make their lives more accessible and comfortable, and these inventions help them do that.


Customizing Your Cover Letter Takes Time But Increases Your Chances of Standing Out

Tailoring your cover letter for each job you apply to adds a bit of time to the application process, but yields excellent results. Customization means personalizing the message to the recipient, which makes you stand out from your competitors.

Appeal to the Person Responsible for Hiring

You should customize your cover letter with the hiring manager in mind. Since that’s the person who can make your dreams come true, it pays to target them precisely. You should have very little trouble finding information when performing standard research. Add the person’s name, and if you’re feeling adventurous, add something personal based on insights you’ve gleaned.

Drop Names for Bonus Points

The world of business runs on personal connections, so don’t be afraid to drop names. If you know people at the company, especially those who would recommend you, add their names in your customized cover letter.

Sometimes a personal recommendation is the fastest way to ensure employment. If you have the potential to tap into existing workers for a kind word, use it.

Clarify Where You Learned About the Opportunity

It’s worth going over where you heard about the opportunity. Most companies are interested in learning how active their job postings are, so this bit of extra information will give them needed insights. It could earn you a bit more attention during the application process.

Display Your Expertise

Ultimately, potential employers are looking to hire the most qualified applicants. Point out why you’re that person in the cover letter. Doing so will help cement you in the mind of the hiring manager as an expert.

Take the extra time to match your qualifications with each of the individual job requirements. That saves the manager from having to dig through too much material. It also elevates your standing because it demonstrates how pro-active you are and the fact that you’re thorough.

Mention Your Results and Skills

It’s also worth recapping your skills and results early on in your cover letter. That helps reinforce that you’re the best candidate and ready for the position.

If possible, you should also match your skills to the requirements. That way, your potential employer will immediately know you’re perfect for the job. It should always be your goal to get the message that you’re the best candidate through in your writing. It may take some time to craft the ultimate letter but think about the rewards.

Don’t Neglect Formatting

Despite wanting to put as much information as possible in the letter, it’s also essential to format it correctly. That means breaking up the message into sections and using techniques like unstructured lists to make things more transparent.

People tend to avoid reading a wall of text. They’re more likely to absorb the details of a letter with excellent formatting.

Double Check Everything

It’s also on you to turn in a mistake-free cover letter and application. Errors will alert your potential employer to the idea that you’re sloppy. That’s the last image you want to present to a long-term employer prospect. It’s worth checking for grammar and factual errors at least a few times before you decide your letter is complete.

With a well-constructed cover letter, it will be easier to get interviews. Hiring managers see all sorts of messages and applications, so many that they may start to blur together in their minds. That’s why it’s worth putting together a composition that forces them to recognize your prowess.

Finding a new job is challenging, but represents an ideal way to move up in the world. Put effort into the initial process, and securing your new job will become more straightforward. A fantastic custom cover letter will help immensely.

10 Things You May Not Have Realized Were Invented Between 2010 – 2015

The years 2010 through 2015 were productive in terms of new inventions. Many of the breakthroughs are still around today, creating dramatic changes in the world. Consider the ten following inventions.

Amazon Kindle Fire

Amazon entered the tablet market with its Kindle Fire in 2013. The device serves up optimized content from Amazon’s vast library, including over 27 million songs, movies, TV shows, books, and popular apps. The device boasts fast internet browsing over Wi-Fi.

Apple Pay

Apple Pay came out and was an excellent way for millions of people to make payments. This service operates both a digital wallet and mobile payment system that empowers people to pay using iOS apps, the web, or in person. Apple Pay opened up vast new markets for millions of Apple customers to make payments.


3D TV kicked off in 2010 to a massive amount of fanfare. It looked like a tech that couldn’t miss because it brought lifelike images and video into the home. However, tons of infighting about which tech to use and a lack of commitment from significant manufacturers saw 3D TVs languish. By 2016, Samsung pulled out of 3D TV, and now no one makes 3D TVs.

Solar Panels

Solar panels hit the scene in 2011, changing how people consume electricity. The U.S. announced a significant commitment to solar power generation in 2010 that saw production capacity rise sharply. With the increased production came a reduction in price, making solar affordable for many. Solar panels continue to expand in market share, as well as improve in cost.

iPhone 5

The iPhone 5 arrived on the market in 2012 and was the last iPhone developed by Steve Jobs. Tim Cook worked with Jobs to release the sixth-generation iPhone, heralding the end of an era.

The phone received lots of attention for its sleek design, 4-inch Retina display, and its fast O/S, hardware, and wireless.


2010 saw the full release of Kickstarter. The website brought a new concept of merchandising and fundraising to help creative projects hit their stride. The platform proved popular with many content creators who needed funding to distribute their work to the world. Kickstarter has proven essential for many consumer products as well as creative works.

Google’s Driverless Car

In 2010, Google jumped into the driverless car market with its car. The project has gone through several phases. Now, the project is under the umbrella of Waymo, which is creating a driverless taxi service.

The English-Speaking Robot

In South Korea, teaching English is in-demand, and 30,000 foreigners are working in the country to teach the language. The English-Teaching Robot does the same job as a teacher but at a lower overall cost. Although it may take many years to get rid of all the English teachers worldwide, many must have trouble sleeping at night knowing that robots are doing their jobs.

The Jetpack

In 2010, the world saw the release of the first commercially viable jetpack. What was once only available for stars in sci-fi movies was now for sale to anyone with enough cash. The Martin Jetpack has had trouble with regulations and is currently classified as an ultralight aircraft. As of last year, the company shuttered its doors.

Formlabs 3D Printer

Although 3D printing technology first entered the scene many years earlier, Formlabs was the first to introduce a mass-market printer for an affordable price. Now, 3D printers are widely available in many price ranges. Formlabs was able to fund the project due to its success raising $3 million using Kickstarter.


2010 to 2015 was a very productive time for inventions, many of which continue to dominate their markets.


10 Things You May Not Have Realized Were Invented in the 2000s

The 2000s were a time of rapid advancement in the world of technology. The decade was particularly fruitful for gadgets, which spread far and wide during the era. Consider these ten leading innovations.

The USB Flash Drive

These portable drives made adding enormous amounts of storage as simple as snapping one into a USB port. USB drives made storing files more natural and more accessible for a significant percentage of the population. In fact, the USB Flash Drive remains a powerful storage device even today.

The Sony PlayStation 3

Games and more casual users fell in love with the PlayStation 3 because it helped introduce several firsts. These firsts included games with remarkable graphics. The console itself offers tons of multimedia support for music, photos, Blu-Ray Discs, and DVDs.

The Blackberry

In 2002, Research in Motion, a Canadian telecom equipment manufacturer, released the Blackberry. The device quickly caught on with business users, who helped propel the brand to the top. The company no longer makes the Blackberry, which lost out to Apple and Google in the mobile phone space.


iPhones hit the market in 2007 and changed how people perceive their phones forever. The device had much more power and features than competitors and dominated the landscape. Apple introduced its App market, and people were able to download thousands of apps to make their phones more functional and robust. The iPhone continues to be a prized possession for many to this day.

Amazon’s Kindle

The release of Amazon’s Kindle e-book reader in 2007 had a profound impact on how people consume books. Not only did the device give people a different way to read, but it also prompted authors and publishers to come up with an infinite variety of new offerings.

Garmin GPS

Garmin introduced its GPS for cars in 2000, and it changed people’s attitudes about driving. Now, anyone could easily access GPS coordinates to help map their latest driving adventure. Now GPS systems are available in many different models and formats. Garmin brought the idea to the masses and remains popular.

Apple’s iPod

In 2001, the music industry was facing an existential threat from digital music and pirating. The iPod, along with its accompanying iTunes musical library, paved the way for people to access their favorite tunes legally. Apple licensed music from the top acts and provided a way to monetize digital content that is the blueprint for other services even today.

Camera Phones

The Sharp J-SH04 was the first phone to introduce a camera. That was the start of the selfie movement that still continues. This model was the first to hit the market, and it came with a CCD sensor. This feature empowered users to snap pics on the go. Camera phone users have been doing that ever since.

The J-SH04 proved the commercial potential of camera phones and remained a top feature. Now, it’s almost impossible to think of a camera without a phone.


Facebook first hit the scene in 2004 and began to attract its global user base. The site was initially aimed at Harvard students. After it caught on in Harvard, the hype burned even brighter, and worldwide users piled on to create profiles. Facebook was the most successful of all social networking apps created to this point. These days, 2.37 billion visit the site every month.


In 2005 YouTube hit the scene and changed the concept of streaming permanently. Now, even amateurs could create and distribute their video content with no barrier to entry. The site hosts billions of videos from creators all over the world. YouTube continues to grow, and users upload over 300 hours of videos every day.


As you can see, the 2000s were a very productive time for inventions, many of which continue to dominate their markets even today.

Tips to Advance Your Career in Patent Law

Key opening a door.

Becoming a patent agent or patent attorney is difficult, time-consuming and requires a lot of hard work. Many people seem to slow down and take the job very lightly once they get started. This article discusses some very helpful ways you can do well as a patent practitioner whether agent or attorney and advance in your patent law career.

Give it Your Best

Whether you’re new to the job or an experienced veteran, many patent practitioners fail to accomplish the tasks and assignments assigned to them. In order to succeed in your patent law career, ensure that you’re fulfilling all your duties and doing them to the best of your abilities. This will not only give you more exposure in the field, but also polish your skills.

Complete your assignments on time, do them well, and regularly volunteer to help with other assignments. Not only will this make you more noticeable, but you will also learn more and have more exposure to on job training.

Ask for Help When Needed

If you feel like you’re struggling with an assigned task or could use some help, don’t shy away from asking for it. It’s better to ask someone to help you than to do something wrong. Your seniors will typically be helpful and mentor you. Such situations will give you the opportunity to learn more and eventually you will have a better understating of the field.

Request Additional Work

Once you have successfully completed all the work assigned to you, ask for more. As soon as your employer and supervisors are aware of your regular outstanding performance, they will start entrusting you with additional responsibilities and extra work. This increased practice and exposure will enhance your skill set and improve your performance. The additional work is going to earn you both respect as well as recognition, increasing your chances of getting a promotion.

Hone your Interpersonal Abilities

Being a successful and efficient patent practitioner requires a certain skill set other than the necessary qualifications and experience. These are referred to as soft skills and include skills such as active listening, effective communication skills as well as strong oral and written skills. Other crucial and indispensable soft skills include proficient teamwork and collaboration, flexibility, resourcefulness, confidence, adaptability, diplomacy, and the ability to take initiative. Honing these skills and abilities will help you demonstrate your strong understanding of the legal profession and give an upper hand over your colleagues, allowing you to progress in your career easily and rapidly.

Educate Yourself

One of the most important factors in doing well in your patent law career is educating yourself continuously. Keeping yourself updated with all legal reforms, modifications, and updates will help you have an edge above your coworkers. Additional certifications and qualifications will increase your chances of employability as well as help you progress in your career more smoothly and efficiently.

We hope these tips help you achieve success and progress in your patent law career!

Leaping in Life: Jumping into Patent Law as a Career Field

A person jumping across a void.

Choosing a career is a life defining moment. It requires a lot of thinking and decisiveness to ensure that you’re choosing a profession that is best for you. If you have an itch for the legal industry and are considering jumping into patent law as your career, read this article to find more about what you must do to become a patent lawyer.

Attain a Degree in Science or Engineering

In order to be eligible for a patent law license, you must have a degree in a science or an engineering program.

Your accredited degree can be in any one of the following common science and engineering programs:

  • Biochemistry, Biology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, Molecular Biology or Botany
  • Computer Science, Electronics Technology, Marine Technology, Textile Technology or Food Technology
  • General Chemistry Organic Chemistry
  • Physics or Engineering Physics
  • Engineering (including general, agricultural, aeronautical, biomedical, civil, ceramic, chemical, computer, electrical, electrochemical, geological, industrial, mechanical, metallurgical, mining, nuclear, petroleum etc.)

If you do not already have a degree in a science or engineering program, you may pass the FE test (Fundamentals of Engineering). It is very common for people from other professions and fields to want to choose a different profession in the later stages of their lives and patent law is a popular choice among them. They sit for the FE exam to become eligible for the patent law registration.

Sit for the Patent Bar Exam

Once you have met the science or engineering requirements, you will need to sit for and pass the patent bar exam.

With patent law you can become a registered patent agent by passing this exam. If you have completed a law degree and are in good standing upon passing the exam, you will become a registered patent attorney.

Since having a law degree is not one of the requirements to sit for the patent bar exam, you may go to law school before or after taking the exam. Again, many people never go to law school and become patent agents while others do spend the time and money in law school to become patent attorneys. You can choose to complete law school before or after taking the patent bar exam and there are good reasons for going about it either way.


Women in Science and Engineering

Two scientists working in the lab with stylized graphics.

As in the wise words of Brigham Young “You educate a woman; you educate a generation,” it is clearly evident that women play an important part in the nurturing and development of a civilization and a nation. In order for a country to succeed, it very crucial for the women of that country to be educated and also able to actively participate in the country’s growth and development.

Women have long been an important pillar in the fields of science and engineering. From Marie Curie redefining the disciplines of physics and chemistry to Elizabeth Bragg becoming the first graduate civil engineer, women have reshaped these fields countless times. However, it was never easy for them to enter these areas of study and prove their worth. If anything, they had to strive harder than their male counterparts did.

Challenges Faced by Females in Science and Engineering

Women have always managed to demonstrate their talents, skills, and intellectual abilities. However, there are still certain challenges that women face in the fields of science and engineering.

From having to work harder to prove their abilities to being paid less, women have been subject to unjust treatment for centuries. This is particularly true in science and engineering. Women are rarely made in charge regardless of their higher merit, better skill sets and higher qualifications.

Women are also faced with unconscious bias and prejudice especially when it comes to their research being published. Although progress has been made, it often takes more to get their work acknowledged and appreciated. These are only some of the challenges women in these fields face regularly. However, there are ways in which they can be empowered.

Empowering Women in Science and Engineering

In spite of the significant advancements women have witnessed in recent years by having access to more opportunities, they are still insufficiently represented in STEM fields.

It is important to encourage and appreciate women, especially when they are involved in the difficult fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

It is crucial to give them credit where credit is due and this can be done by taking a few simple steps.

To empower and appreciate women, it is first important to recognize the difficulties they face on a regular basis. Call out unjust, prejudices and biased treatment, advocate for equal pay and actively promote merit.  Secondly, encourage more women and girls to venture into the different areas of STEM and pursue their goals in science and engineering actively..

Following these steps and encouraging female involvement in the fields of STEM is very important if we plan on developing out nations and tackling the increasing challenges that people are facing worldwide.